• Pending



Country: Ethiopia (field work and lab) 

  • Study Location: National 
  • Organization: INBAR – International Bamboo and Rattan 
  • Organization Program       INBAR Global Programme 
  • Inter-Africa Bamboo Smallholder Farmers 
  • Livelihood Development Programme 
  • April – December 2020 


The Inter-Africa Bamboo Smallholder Farmers Livelihood Development Programme of the International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR) seeks to harness the potential of bamboo to contribute to poverty reduction, women and youth employment, environmental protection, and south-south cooperation in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). With financial support from the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the program aims to enhance incomes, livelihoods and climate change adaptive capacities of African smallholder farmers, women and youth by upscaling and increasing their participation in climate-smart bamboo value chains. 


Livestock is at the heart of the rural economy in Ethiopia. With almost 60 million cattle, Ethiopia is estimated to be home to the largest livestock population in Africa. Ethiopia’s national livestock masterplan seeks to enhance investments in improved breeds, improving feeds and health of cattle to increase milk production by over 90% by 2020. However, decreasing grassland as a result of agriculture and land degradation poses a significant threat to the availability of high-quality fodder and subsequently on the health and productivity of livestock. 

Bamboo leaves could offer an alternative fodder for livestock consumption in Ethiopia. Several studies in other countries such as Madagascar and India have shown the suitability of bamboo species as fodder for livestock (Andriarimalala et al. 2018; Bhandari et al. 2015). In this call, we seek to conduct experimentaltrialsonanimalandbambooleavesasfodderforlivestock consumptionin Ethiopia. The study will also undertake a proximate analysis of bamboo leaves to characterise the nutritional composition of bamboo leaves. Other important studies, such as digestibility trials of bamboo leaf fodder, acceptability and consumption patterns by animals, the effect of bamboo fodder on health (haematology and serum biochemistry), as well as socio-economic perspectives of bamboo fodder use are expected to be covered. The outputs of such analysis would consolidate the results of the proximate analysis and add to the holistic representation of the nutritive potentials of bamboo as suitable fodder for the livestock industry. 

One of the major focuses of the program is to promote bamboo leaf fodder as a viable option for livestock consumption in Ethiopia. INBAR is seeking the services of a research or academic institution with a researcher(s) or research team to conduct experimentation and trials on animal and bamboo feed and fodder in Ethiopia 


The objective of this assignment is to assess the nutritional composition or proximate analysis; optimal feeding rate of bamboo leaves as fodder and determine the harvesting methods of bamboo leaves to maximize leaf production for wet and dry seasons. 


The assessment will consist of a literature review and the application of qualitative and quantitative research methods to collect both primary and secondary data. The selected institution is expected to execute the following tasks as part of this assignment and their associated interactions thereof: 

  • To determine and characterize the nutritional quality of bamboo fodder (different species – wet and dry season) compared to other feed sources; 
  • Evaluation of the effects of supplementing bamboo fodder on feed intake, body weight gain, milk yield, and milk compositions; 
  • To determine the consumption patterns and digestibility of bamboo fodder 
  • To assess the growth and health (using hematological indicators and serum biochemistry) of experimental animal fed with bamboo leaves either as a sole feed or feed supplement 
  • Undertake plant experimentation to evaluate different harvesting methods of bamboo leaves aimed at maximizing fodder yield to development women-friendly bamboo fodder management systems. 
  • To evaluate the profitability of bamboo leaves by employing partial budget analysis. 


1. A systemized and detailed report, no more than 30 pages which should include, inter alia: 

  • Determineandcharacterizethe nutritional quality of bamboo fodder  (proximate analysis-wet and dry season) compared to other feed sources 
  • Determine the consumption patterns and digestibility of bamboo fodder 
  • Identify the species, seasonal availability, and acceptability of  bamboo leaves 
  • Assess the socio-economic profitability of feeding bamboo leaves to livestock 
  • Assess the growth and health of experimental animal fed with bamboo leaves either as a sole feed or feed supplement 
  • Validated suitable methods of bamboo leaf harvesting Recommendations 

2. Develop one publishable article in an international peer-review journal that covers the above-mentioned aspects (report); 

3. Develop one training manual on bamboo feed and fodder. 





Desk study and review


April to May


Data collection and analysis


May to October


Research article write up


October to November


Submission of a draft research article and manual





Submission to a report, journal article

and manual





The fee for this consultancy of US$30,000, inclusive of all taxes. 


The ideal research or academic institution should possess the following capacities and competences: 

  • Must have state-of-the-art facilities, instruments, and equipment for conducting fodder trials and animal trials, including a laboratory, enclosures, and weighing scales, among others 
  • Must have researcher(s) with specialization in animal feeds and nutrition or related discipline; 
  • Researcher(s) in this institution must demonstrate the relevant working experience of at least 8 years in animal feed and nutrition research at the national or international level; 
  • Researcher(s) in this institution must have the capability of conducting both lab and field-based experimentation on animals and feed. 
  • Researcher(s) in this institution be able to communicate fluently, in writing and orally, in English; Researcher(s) in this institution have excellent drafting skills, strong quantitative and analytical skills. 


Applications will be accepted until 23/04/2020. All applications will be acknowledged; however, only shortlisted institutions will be contacted for further action. 

INBAR reserves the right to reject all or parts of this ‘Call for Proposals’ 

Please send your cover letter, a proposal detailing the methodology and work plan as well Curriculum Vitae of the researcher(s) (in English) to hr@inbar.int: enacheampong@inbar.int and earo@inbar.int  

Please indicate BAMBOO FODDER AND ANIMAL EXPERIMENTAL TRIALS in the email subject line. 

To learn more about INBAR, please visit our web site at: www.inbar.int