International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
ICRC is an independent, neutral organization ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for victims of war and other situations of violence.
Within the framework of its assistance program in Ethiopia, the ICRC intends to procure the below-mentioned consultancy service company.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is an impartial, neutral and independent organization, whose exclusive humanitarian mandate is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence and to provide them with assistance.
In situations of armed conflict, other situations of violence, natural disasters, and migration countless families suffer great anguish when loved ones go missing and make desperate attempts to find them. People may go missing in different circumstances. For example, in situations of violent civilians can go missing, along the migratory routes, migrants can also go missing being captured, arrested, abducted, and held incommunicado or in a secret location. Waiting to learn about a missing person’s fate and whereabouts means living in limbo, afforded neither the closure of mourning nor a reason to stop hoping against hope. Such uncertainty has severe psychological and emotional effects. It can also create legal, administrative, social, and economic difficulties.
International humanitarian law (IHL) prescribes the right to know as the principle that should guide parties to the armed conflict as well as humanitarian organizations, when dealing with the issue of missing persons. This body of law also imposes specific obligations on parties to an armed conflict to prevent people from going missing, clarify the fate of missing persons and on the respect of the dead and management of human remains. Other bodies of international law, in particular International Human Rights Law recognize the right to know of the families of missing persons and contain important provisions to prevent and deal with cases of disappearances, including the obligation to investigate acts of enforced disappearances and bring the perpetrators to justice.
In this regard, States are required to adopt and apply measures at the domestic level to fulfil their international obligations. Depending on the case, these measures can be adopted by one or more ministries, the legislature, the courts, the armed forces or other relevant State bodies.
2. Objective of the Study
The objective of this study is to gain an in-depth and critical understanding of (1) the applicable legal and institutional framework, as well as policy and practice, for missing persons and management of the dead in the context of the armed conflict, situations of violence and migration in Ethiopia; (2) the compatibility of domestic laws (national and customary), institutions, policies and practice on missing persons and management of the dead with international law and standards; and (3) the existing gaps in national laws, institutions, policies and practice relating to the protection of missing persons, their families and management of the dead; (4) actors relevant to missing persons and management of the dead, and their roles and responsibilities.
The methodology should include desktop research, legal review, and analysis of existing national, customary and international laws, as well as national institutions, policies, and practices. Interviews with relevant actors should be undertaken to clarify the existing legal and institutional framework and highlight the normative and practical gaps related to missing persons and management of the dead in Ethiopia.
4. Tasks and Deliverables:
The consultant is expected to prepare a comprehensive, well-researched, and properly-referenced report in an electronic format of at least 30 pages, excluding the cover page, the table of content, and annexes, addressing the below-listed questions. (see Scope of the Study). The Consultant shall also prepare a 1-2-page executive summary of the report. Legal authorities and all sources relied upon should be clearly indicated in footnotes and all legal texts and reference documents should be annexed to the report.
5. Duration and timelines.
The consultancy shall commence on November 15th, 2020, and end on 15th January 2021 with the submission of the final report.
The Consultant and the ICRC shall abide by the following timelines:
15th to 15th December 2020 – conducting the study;
16thto 20th December 2020 – Initial draft from Consultant due to the ICRC: one-hour the presentation should be organized with a PowerPoint presentation (40min for presentation and 20 min for questions).
21st – 30th December 2020 – Feedback from the ICRC
31st December 2020- 15 January 2021 – Final draft due from Consultant: a 20 minutes PowerPoint the presentation will be due.
6. Reporting obligation
The Consultant will be supervised by the Delegate in Charge of the File on Missing Persons together with the Legal advisor.
a. Minimum of 5 years’ experience in legal research.
b. Demonstrated knowledge of Ethiopia law and legal administrative system
c. Knowledge of International Humanitarian Low and International Human Rights
d. Excellent qualitative and quantitative research skills
e. Excellent writing skills
f. Excellent computer skills
g. Good working knowledge of the medio-legal system in Ethiopia.
h. Access to and good working knowledge of institutions that are relevant to the research e.g. medical institutions or forensic investigation units is highly desirable.
i. Application should be sent through companies or organizations
1. To apply: Submit
- A cover letter/motivation
- previous writing samples, maximum of 15 pages
- Maximum 2-page work plan
- Letters of recommendation and contact details of 2 references
- Consultancy business certification
- Renewed business license of current physical year (in E.C 2012/2013
- Legal invoices
- IN (Tax Identification Number
- VAT declaration/statement
- Bank details/account
- . A two-page executive summary (12 font, single line spacing)
- At least 30-page the report, excluding the cover page and annexes (12 font, single line spacing).
Interested consultancy service the company can submit their proposal till 04.11.2020 to the below address.
International Committee of The Red Cross (ICRC)
Bole Kifle Ketema, Kebele 13, Addis Ababa
Phone No: +251 116478300
Mobile: +251 911411001
 For more information on the legal framework please see: ICRC Advisory Service Legal Factsheet: Missing persons and their families: https://www.icrc.org/en/document/missing-persons-and-their-families-factsheet.
 The International Convention for the protection of all persons against enforced disappearances is the first universal treaty to deal with the problem of enforced disappearances. The Convention recognizes the right to know in Article 24 (2): Each victim has the right to know the truth regarding the circumstances of the enforced disappearance, the progress and results of the investigation and the fate of the disappeared person. Each State Party shall take appropriate measures in this regard. Other soft law instruments make reference to this right. See notably: United Nations, Econ. & Soc. Council, Committee on Human Rights, Updated Set of Principles for the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights through Action to Combat Impunity, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/2005/102/Add.1 (Feb. 8, 2005).
 Among recent developments in Ethiopia, the proclamation no 1178/2020, stipulates the prohibits trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children and the Smuggling of Migrants.